- Affects 80% of Americans at some time in their lives.
- Many forms, from lower back pain, middle back pain, or upper back pain to low back pain with sciatica.
- Common back pain causes include nerve and muscular problems, degenerative disc disease, and arthritis.
- Many people find relief from symptoms of back pain with procedures, rehabilitation and medication management.
- All of which are offered here at Desert Pain Institute.
Causes of Back Pain
- Pain is a symptom of a medical condition, not a diagnosis itself. Medical problems that can cause back pain include the following:
- Mechanical problems:
- A mechanical problem is due to the way your spine moves or the way you feel when you move your spine in certain ways.
- Perhaps the most common mechanical cause of back pain is a condition called intervertebral disc degeneration, which simply means that the discs located between the vertebrae of the spine are breaking down with age.
- Another cause of back pain is the wearing down of the facet joints, which are the large joints that connect each vertebrae to another.
- Other mechanical causes of back pain include spasms, muscle tension, and ruptured discs, which are also called herniated discs.
- Spine injuries such as sprains and fractures can cause either short-lived or chronic back pain.
- Less commonly, back pain may be caused by more severe injuries that result from accidents and falls.
- Acquired conditions and diseases:
- Medical problems can cause or contribute to back pain. They include scoliosis, spondylolisthesis; various forms of arthritis, including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis; and spinal stenosis, a narrowing of the spinal column that puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves.
- While osteoporosis itself is not painful, it can lead to painful fractures of the vertebrae.
- Mechanical problems:
Although the causes of back pain are usually physical, it is important to know that emotional stress can play a role in how severe pain is and how long it lasts. Stress can affect the body in many ways, including causing back muscles to become tense and painful. Untreated depression and anxiety can make back pain feel much worse. Likewise, insomnia, or the lack of sleep, can also contribute to back pain.
How Back Pain is Treated at Desert Pain Institute
There are a number of treatment options for back pain including medications, rest, exercise, and surgical procedures. The type of treatment prescribed will depend on several factors, including the person's age, type of medications he or she is taking, overall health, medical history, and severity of symptoms.
Procedures to Treat Back Pain
- Musculoskeletal Medicine
- Injury Rehabilitation
- Epidural Steroid Injections
- Facet Injections
- Joint Injections
- Spinal Cord Stimulation
The Goals of Treatment are the following
- Avoid or modify activities that aggravate pain
- Relieve pain through pain medications and anti-inflammatory drugs
- Maintain joint movement and muscle strength through physical therapy
- Decrease stress on the joints by using braces, splints, or canes as needed
- Correct, control, or slow down the underlying disease process